Switzerland's INDC: first in, but room for improvement

Climate Action Tracker Policy Brief

Published: 05/03/2015

Under the UNFCCC, all governments “in a position to do so” are asked to submit an “intended nationally determined contribution” (INDC) to a future international climate agreement by the end of the first quarter of this year. The EU was one of the first to reach an internal decision on an INDC target: In October 2014, the EU announced it would reduce its domestic greenhouse gas emissions by “at least 40%” below 1990 levels by 2030.

The latest Climate Action Tracker policy brief analyses the first INDC submitted formally to the UNFCCC by Switzerland. It aims at halving greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 levels, with at least a 30% reduction by 2030 domestically. The remainder of the emission reductions would come from “emissions reduction measures abroad”.

Switzerland’s proposal includes forestry accounting, which prevents an unambiguous quantification of its target, and will likely result in weaker emissions reductions across all other sectors.

More information at climateactiontracker.org.