Public funding for energy efficiency in the EU

Monitor 2016

Published: 08/06/2016

To monitor EU Member State activity and progress towards the 2020 target of 20% energy efficiency and to identify increase, stagnation or even set-backs in government support, it is necessary to keep track of dedicated public funding for energy efficiency. Public funding for energy efficiency can be seen as one indicator of how EU Member States implement the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED).

This study constitutes a first attempt to provide a comprehensive quantification of the public funding available to support energy efficiency in the EU after the implementation of the EED in 2012. The evolution of the total amount of public funding shows an upward trend at EU level during the period 2012-2014. When this trend is analysed at Member State level, increases in funding are observed in 14 countries and 8 countries show downward trends or very substantial reductions in public funding.

However, the data on Member State level was not always sufficient and the results are therefore subject to uncertainties. Future reporting by national authorities could be improved if the disclosure of public funding commitments or expenditures was requested in a standardised format. This format should include at least the type of funding mechanism used (subsidies or grants, loans, fiscal measures), and the amounts committed or disbursed by programme and year.