Climate Action Tracker Statement on Paris Agreement

December 2015

Published: 14/12/2015

For the first time, an international climate agreement has, at its core, a goal to not just hold warming below 2°C, but critically specifies this goal as holding warming well below 2°C and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.

Developed countries that already have 2050 targets can review their plans in the context of the agreed goals, as most of these plans must be strengthened, and developing countries can build on the experience of the INDC process to work from existing plans and develop longer-term visions. Elements crucial to raising the ambition in the Paris Agreement are:

  • Provisions to update the actions of countries every five years, while each successive step has to be at least as strong as the current one. This can start with a government submitting an updated climate pledge when it ratifies the agreement. Then new or renewed contributions for 2030 have to be submitted 9-12 months in advance of the Conference of the Parties in 2020.
  • A government can adjust its contribution to enhance its climate action pledge at any time.
  • Individual review of the actions will include suggestions for improvement for each country.
  • A global stocktake will regularly measure progress,  starting 2018.
  • A facilitative implementation committee will assist governments in implementing their pledged actions.
  • Countries will continue to work together to increase ambition before 2020.

Conditional elements of INDCs provide a good starting point for enhancing ambition. Meeting all conditional mitigation contributions could lead to reducing the emissions gap between INDCs and 1.5 and 2°C by roughly 2.8 GtCO2e (12-17%) in 2030, if conditions are met.

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