Potential for Shore Side Electricity in Europe

Published: 07/01/2015

Shore Side Electricity (SSE) is an option for reducing the unwanted environmental impact of ships at berths, i.e. greenhouse gas emissions, air quality emissions and noise pollution of ships using their auxiliary engines. This report quantifies the potential for SSE.

If all seagoing and inland ships in European harbours would use SSE by 2020 for covering their energy demand at berth, they would consume 3,543 GWh annually, which is 0.1% to the electricity consumption in Europe as a whole in 2012. Furthermore, SSE offers the potential to mitigate 800,000 tons of CO2 emissions.

In general, the demand increase is not seen as problematic for the electricity grid, especially if we take into account that the SSE implementation is a medium- to long-term process which is aligned with the grid extension planning in the EU. For most EU Member States SSE implementation would contribute to decreasing CO2 emissions. In countries with high carbon content in their electricity supply, SSE leads to an increase of CO2 emissions. 

Furthermore the report provides insight into the barriers for implementation and formulates recommendations on policy action that the Commission could take to accelerate the implementation of SSE in European harbours.