Economic impact of Dutch offshore wind energy cluster

Published: 16/10/2014

The ambition of the Dutch Top consortium Knowledge and Innovation Offshore Wind Energy (TKI-WoZ) is to reduce the costs of offshore wind energy by 40% (in 2020, compared to 2010), and to strengthen the related economic activities in the Netherlands, with a strong international competitive presence of Dutch industries as a result. Quantifying the economic impact is not a straightforward exercise. One issue is the lack of data, that could be used as a basis to calculate employment figures and turnover. For the TKI-WoZ, Ecofys has developed a more complete, structural and advanced method of monitoring this economic impact. We developed a bottom-up, project-based, methodology and applied this for reporting over 2012/2013 and 2014.

In 2012/2013, the direct employment equalled over 1900 full-time equivalents (fte). In 2014, this increased by 12% to about 2150 fte. The turnover increased from 800 to over 900 million euro. Dutch employment is mainly created in labour-intensive processes as production and construction of materials, notably for offshore wind projects abroad. Exploitation and development of projects represents about 240 fte, whereas R&D, innovation projects and policy making generates 300 fte. The employment in Dutch projects (development, construction and operation) grew from about 600 to over 800 fte.

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