Economic impact of Dutch offshore wind energy cluster

Published: 16/10/2014

The ambition of the Dutch Top consortium Knowledge and Innovation Offshore Wind Energy (TKI-WoZ) is to reduce the costs of offshore wind energy by 40% (in 2020, compared to 2010), and to strengthen the related economic activities in the Netherlands, with a strong international competitive presence of Dutch industries as a result. Quantifying the economic impact is not a straightforward exercise. One issue is the lack of data, that could be used as a basis to calculate employment figures and turnover. For the TKI-WoZ, Ecofys has developed a more complete, structural and advanced method of monitoring this economic impact. We developed a bottom-up, project-based, methodology and applied this for reporting over 2012/2013 and 2014.

In 2012/2013, the direct employment equalled over 1900 full-time equivalents (fte). In 2014, this increased by 12% to about 2150 fte. The turnover increased from 800 to over 900 million euro. Dutch employment is mainly created in labour-intensive processes as production and construction of materials, notably for offshore wind projects abroad. Exploitation and development of projects represents about 240 fte, whereas R&D, innovation projects and policy making generates 300 fte. The employment in Dutch projects (development, construction and operation) grew from about 600 to over 800 fte.

Find additional information in Dutch at: tki-windopzee.nl