Climate change mitigation in emerging economies

From potentials to actions

Published: 15/11/2013

Greenhouse gas emissions need to decrease substantially to hold global average temperature increase below 2°C warming above the preindustrial level. This requires emission reductions by all major emitting countries with developed countries taking the lead, but emerging economies are of increasing importance in this global effort.

This report provides an overview of current activities regarding climate change mitigation in six emerging economies: Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa and South Korea. It covers the institutional set up, measurement, reporting and verification systems for greenhouse gases and mitigation policies and measures. The analysis also addresses existing barriers to mitigation and considers where the international community could provide support to remove these.

The report finds that all the countries analysed in the report have significantly improved their climate change institutions and MRV systems in the last years and have created mostly coherent frameworks for climate strategies and policies. Creating additional capacities on national and sub-national government levels and in the private sector as well as raising awareness among the population will be essential in the coming years to enable further improvements and enable those countries to reduce emissions further.

Ecofys prepared this report together with the Wuppertal Institute and Climate Analytics as commissioned by the German Federal Environment Agency.

The full report is available for download at the German Federal Environment Agency.

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Katja Eisbrenner
Climate Strategies and Policies
View of Rio de Janeiro - Brazil was among the assessed countries