Industrial Energy Transition

Potentials, costs and interactions with the energy sector

Ecofys, a Navigant company, is leading a consortium that supports the German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy in facilitating the industrial energy transition. Other members of the consortium include the University of Stuttgart and the law firm BBG.

Taking national energy, climate and industrial policy goals into account, the project aims to close crucial knowledge gaps on the interaction between industrial growth and the development of energy supply systems. The project provides scientifically sound information for the further development of energy policies to achieve a successful energy transition. Here, the effects of the energy transition on industrial sectors, in particular the energy-intensive sectors, interactions between industrial development and energy supply, impacts on cost and competitiveness of the German industry as well as challenges and opportunities of the industry are examined.

The analysis focuses on the following eight sectors, which are particularly relevant to the German economy, but can also significantly contribute to the energy transition:

  • Basic chemicals
  • Steel and metals
  • Non-ferrous metals
  • Cement & ceramics
  • Glass
  • Pulp & paper
  • Food industry
  • Car manufacturing

For each of these sectors, Ecofys industry experts model and describe a transition pathway toward the 2050 decarbonisation target with a strong focus on future competitiveness. Each transition pathway comprises a set of sector-specific, transformational decarbonisation measures including enabling policy recommendations. In parallel, Ecofys power market experts analyse the impact of those transition pathways on the energy system and, as a result, put forward energy market design amendments to support the decarbonisation of the industry.


Jan-Martin Rhiemeier
Sustainable Industries and Services
Matthias Schimmel
Sustainable Industries and Services
Manufacturing plant (CC0) pixabay/ni-co-le