Further development of European energy efficiency policies

Together with ifeu and the Wuppertal Institute, Ecofys was commissioned by UBA, Germany’s Federal Environmental Agency, to develop further options for energy efficiency policies at Member State and EU level in the context of the European climate targets for 2030 and 2050.

Firstly, we identified good practice examples of particularly future-oriented and transferable measures and instruments of the Member States. We applied selection criteria such as high savings, a high degree of innovation, a positive cost-benefit ratio and impact.

In addition, exemplary country studies to increase energy efficiency were developed for the sectors industry, private households and transport. The Member States were selected on the basis of various indicators. Germany and Poland were selected for the sector of industry, France and Poland for the private sector and Germany and Italy for the transport sector. The country studies are designed to provide a broad range of energy supply strategies, potential efficiency strategies and successful policy instruments, but also address the individual circumstances of the respective countries. Based on these findings, the project team developed energy saving strategies and instruments in the individual sectors for the respective countries and the time horizon 2030.

Finally the team developed proposals for the (continuous) improvement of European efficiency policies. Based on a criterion-based deficit analysis we recommended further development options for European energy efficiency policies by 2030 and 2050, taking into account future transformation processes and energy supply strategies. The focus lies on the need for further development and new policy instruments which address the areas of activity of the sectors investigated, which have so far been insufficiently considered and will become more important in the future.


Katja Dinges
Energy Policies
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