Charging infrastructure for electric road vehicles

Research for TRAN Committee

Ecofys, a Navigant company, carried out a study for the Transport and Tourism (TRAN) committee at the European Parliament on charging infrastructure for electric road vehicles. The team analysed the various challenges of the deployment of charging infrastructure within the EU. The experts looked at existing technologies and standardisation issues, metering systems and pricing schemes, business and financing models, the impact of the charging infrastructure on the dissemination of electric vehicles, and the appropriateness of current technologies, business models, and public policies.

The study relates to charging points for electric cars, vans, buses, and bikes. The objective is to highlight the key issues surrounding charging infrastructure to the TRAN Members and to indicate possible actions that might be taken by the Committee to increase the uptake of electromobility in the EU. Thie results also serve as input for the revision Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure.

Key finding of this study is that clear commitment to a long-term strategy and a coordinating agency at EU level, including the creation of an EU-wide database, will propel electric vehicles forward. Further research is needed on aspects including ideal site distribution, ultra-fast charging, electric vehicle range extension, and battery development. The experts also recommend that upcoming definitions for minimum standards for charging stations should focus on smart charging technology and data exchange requirements.

Download the study at:


Matthias Spöttle
Urban Energy
Matthias Schimmel
Sustainable Industries and Services
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