Assessing iron ore mining climate performance

Ecofys, a Navigant company, supported LKAB, the Swedish iron ore mining company with the quantification and external communication of the climate performance of their products. Due to the specific properties of LKAB's iron ore, less energy is required in the steel production process, resulting in reduced supply chain GHG emissions. This means end users of steel products originating from iron ores extracted by LKAB can benefit from a reduced carbon footprint. Thanks to these insights, LKAB can now investigate how to leverage their customer’s reduced carbon footprint and develop a market for low carbon steel.

As part of this work and to set an example in the sector, Ecofys calculated the full cradle-to-gate carbon footprint of LKAB's different pellet products following the ISO 14067 and GHG Protocol Product standards. Ecofys set up a complete monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system to enable annual verification by LKAB's independent auditor. In this work, Ecofys combined its carbon market, sustainability, supply chain LCA and footprinting capabilities.

Ecofys found that besides the energy intensive pelletising process,  several upstream activities, like material acquisition (fuels and additives) and transportation, significantly impact the total carbon footprint. Our research findings enable LKAB to focus future efforts in driving down their carbon footprint even further.

Caspar Noach, Managing consultant Ecofys and leading the CFP project:
"With the full publication of the carbon footprint results LKAB is, to our knowledge, the first mining company giving complete transparency on the carbon performance of its own iron ore production process and possibilities for improvement. By doing this, LKAB sets the standard for other mining companies."


Caspar Noach
Sustainable Industries and Services
Martijn Overgaag
Sustainable Industries and Services
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