Ecofys assessed mitigation potential of a CO2 smart grid in the Netherlands

Published: 03/10/2017

Ecofys, a Navigant company, has investigated the emissions reduction potential that CO2 capture and usage (CCU) could yield in the provinces of South and North Holland. Current CO2 demand in horticulture and other potential applications results in an annual CCU potential of 700 kilo tons which is expected to grow to 1.7 mega tons in 10 years. The energy experts also assessed whether a Dutch CCU infrastructure was technically and economically feasible in the short and long term.

Ecofys assessed this CO2 smart grid on behalf a collective of 22 public and private companies that developed the CO2 smart grid concept. The main driver for this development is the unique positioning of the Netherlands, where a CO2-intense industry is located closely to CO2 users: large areas of greenhouses that require CO2 for vegetable and flower growth. The oversupply of CO2 during winter periods, when greenhouses require less CO2, can be stored in depleted off-shore gas wells, providing a perfect setup for a CCS demonstration scale project.

Development of the CO2 smart grid could offer additional benefits in establishing a leading CCUS R&D climate and stimulate CCS developments in terms of workforce and low-cost capture and storage technologies. In the longer term, as CO2 emissions in all sectors need to drop further, the CO2 smart grid could play an important role in distributing CO2 of biogenic origin, allowing CO2 users to become completely climate neutral.