Total energy system costs of heat in the residential sector

How new technological developments can affect the reliability and affordability of the future energy system

Published: 05/07/2016

The nature of our energy supply is changing. At the same time the provision of domestic heating plays an important part in the Dutch energy demand. Meeting future heating requirements represents, therefore, a significant challenge within the energy transition. But still, there is yet no shared perception of how to achieve a sustainable heat supply for existing homes in particular, even though more than 75% of the houses in which we will be living in 2050 have already been built.

In this study, Alliander, ECN, Gasunie (GTS), TenneT and Ecofys have focused on how new technological developments can affect the reliability and affordability of the future energy system. An important principle is that the stability and affordability of the heat supply must continue to be guaranteed for consumers.

A proper discussion involving decision-making about the energy transition requires a basis of a broad concept and shared terminology. The production of this report is intended to make a contribution towards this. The study is the first to show the integral costs across the whole energy chain, for a number of scenarios for the Dutch heat supply for the coming decades.