Quantifying ILUC impact of biofuels consumed in the EU

In order to ensure a sustainable production of biofuels, the EU introduced the world’s first set of mandatory sustainability criteria for biofuels in 2009. These criteria do not include measures to address unwanted indirect land use change (ILUC) associated with biofuel production. The key question is what happens when agricultural crops previously used for food and feed are starting to be used for biofuels. An increase in arable land means that non-agricultural land (e.g. grasslands, forests) is converted into agricultural land, which can lead to a loss of carbon stocks and increased greenhouse gas emissions. Increased emissions due to land use change lead to a decrease in the overall greenhouse gas emission savings from biofuels.

Ecofys is leading a consortium of Ecofys, IIASA and E4tech, which began to investigate the ILUC effect in summer 2013, combining experiences in the renewable energy sectors and land use change modeling. This project will devote a significant amount of time to the adaptation of the GLOBIOM model (a model which represents global land use) to the ILUC question. It will also build on stakeholder and expert consultation to reinforce the relevance of the modeling with the aim to go beyond the current state-of-the-art.

For more information on the project, please visit: globiom-iluc.eu or contact our ILUC experts!

For further news on this project and results now published see: Report quantifies land use change impact of biofuels consumed in the EU.

Contact

Daan Peters
Sustainable Industries and Services
E-mail
Carlo Hamelinck
Sustainable Industries and Services
E-mail
Michèle Koper
Sustainable Industries and Services
E-mail
Harvested field (c) freeimages.com/Andreas Krappweis