Monitoring the sustainability of EU biofuels

Ecofys supported the European Commission in its 2012 reporting requirements under the Renewable Energy Directive providing a detailed analysis of the progress in the European Member State and of the sustainability impacts of biofuels in the EU. Together with its partners Fraunhofer ISI, the Energy Economics Group at TU Vienna and BBH, Ecofys monitored impacts from EU consumed biofuels (like air, soil, water, biodiversity and several socio-economic effects). Such impacts largely occur within the EU itself because the larger part of the feedstock is produced within the EU. The remainder of biofuels feedstock comes mainly from Argentina, Brazil, USA, Malaysia and Indonesia, countries for which Ecofys assessed amongst others the land used for feedstock production, but also regulative frameworks for safeguarding sustainability. By analysis of both local and global effects, the debate on biofuels versus food security was put into different perspectives. Some impacts cannot be directly linked to EU biofuels consumption, but may somehow result from the prospect on an attractive European market for biofuels, such as a small number of land deals, mainly in Africa.

The report is available for download on the website of the European Commission.

Contact

Carlo Hamelinck
Sustainable Industries and Services
E-mail
Michèle Koper
Sustainable Industries and Services
E-mail
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